Montessori come from?
Montessori (pronounced MON-tuh-SORE-ee) education was founded in 1907 by Dr.
Maria Montessori, the first woman in Italy to become a physician. She based her
educational methods on scientific observation of children's learning processes.
Guided by her discovery that children teach themselves, Dr. Montessori designed
a "prepared environment" in which children could freely choose from a
number of developmentally appropriate activities. Now, nearly a century after
Maria Montessori's first casa dei bambini ("children's house") in
Rome, Montessori education is found all over the world, spanning ages from
birth to adolescence.
What is the
difference between Montessori and traditional education?
emphasizes learning through all five senses, not just through listening,
watching, or reading. Children in Montessori classes learn at their own,
individual pace and according to their own choice of activities from hundreds
of possibilities. Learning is an exciting process of discovery, leading to
concentration, motivation, self-discipline, and a love of learning. Montessori
classes place children in three-year age groups (3-6, 6-9, 9-12, and so on),
forming communities in which the older children spontaneously share their
knowledge with the younger ones. Montessori represents an entirely different
approach to education.
Can I do Montessori
at home with my child?
Yes, you can use
Montessori principles of child development at home. Look at your home through
your child's eyes. Children need a sense of belonging, and they get it by
participating fully in the routines of everyday life. "Help me do it by
myself" is the life theme of the preschooler. Can you find ways for your
child to participate in meal preparation, cleaning, gardening, caring for
clothes, shoes, and toys? Providing opportunities for independence is the
surest way to build your child's self-esteem.
At the school level
many homeschooling and other parents use the Montessori philosophy of
following the child's interest and not interrupting concentration to educate
their children. Here social development comes from being in a positive and
unique environment with other children -- an integral part of Montessori
Is Montessori good for children with learning disabilities? What about gifted children?
is designed to help all children reach their fullest potential at their own
unique pace. A classroom whose children have varying abilities is a community
in which everyone learns from one another and everyone contributes. Moreover,
multiage grouping allows each child to find his or her own pace without feeling
"ahead" or "behind" in relation to peers.
ages does Montessori serve?
are more Montessori programs for ages 3-6 than for any other age group, but
Montessori is not limited to early childhood. Many infant/toddler programs
(ages 2 months to 3 years) exist, as well as elementary (ages 6-12), adolescent
(ages 12-15) and even a few Montessori high schools.
Montessori children successful later in life?
studies show that Montessori children are well prepared for later life
academically, socially, and emotionally. In addition to scoring well on
standardized tests, Montessori children are ranked above average on such
criteria as following directions, turning in work on time, listening
attentively, using basic skills, showing responsibility, asking provocative
questions, showing enthusiasm for learning, and adapting to new situations.